The garbage disposal companies or large commercial organizations use junk transfer stations with a large amount of waste accumulation to save the logistics component and costs.
The waste transfer station reduces the cost of moving waste from the place of its accumulation to the landfill or waste sorting complex by reducing the volume of waste by pressing at the station.
According to the experts at junk transfer station Edmonton, the compression ratio on a garbage transfer line depends on the morphology of the waste. But on average it can be considered 1:4.
Types of junk transfer stations and options
- Mechanical transfer station
- Automatic overload station
Mechanical waste transfer stations
The mechanical waste transfer station consists of a press compactor and containers with a volume of 20 to 37 m3, connected to the press manually.
Choose the sizes of the containers involved at the garbage transfer station depending on the following factors:
- the volume of waste generated
- distance to the place of processing or disposal
- mode of transport used
When choosing the elements of the waste transfer station, you need to pay special attention to the necessary performance. Depending on the required amount of waste for processing the experts at Junk transfer station Edmonton will select a garbage transfer station with a pressing cycle of 55 or 30 seconds.
The required number of containers and their recommended volume is calculated based on the following factors;
- Volume of waste
- The distance to their location
- Taking into account the traffic situation
- The customer's wishes for the garbage transfer station
The standard container loading time is 30 to 45 minutes, then replace the container filled with waste with an empty one. It takes about 15-20 minutes to change containers.
They use multi-lift machines with a hook gripper for the replacement and transportation of containers.
The customer must foresee this moment in advance. It is also necessary to understand the amount of waste that arises at the site of the waste transfer station.
Automatic waste transfer stations
An automatic waste transfer station (garbage transfer station) consists of:
- automatic press compactor with hydraulic drive for automatic docking/undocking
- containers with a gate with a volume of 20 to 37 m3, connected to the press in automatic mode
- hopper (large volume of loading funnel)
- rails on which containers move
- platform trolleys that house containers for automatic movement
- information systems with the help of traffic lights
As a rule, customers optionally order an overpass or load from an embankment at a garbage transfer station. In an automatic garbage transfer station 3-5 containers are used, although there are cases when 2 or more than 5 containers are needed. The specialists at Junk transfer station Edmonton will advise the client and help determine the necessary components of the waste transfer station.
It is important to understand the automatic waste transfer station. It allows the customer to reduce operating costs by reducing the number of necessary personnel to manage the station.
Types of waste supply in garbage transfer stations
At mechanical transfer stations for the supply of waste to the main element of the station, the press compactor, it is possible to use the following loading options:
- Bucket loader
- From the overpass
- Through the conveyor pit
The first method with open areas and a forklift is considered one of the most popular. It is great for medium volumes of garbage and moving over a distance of up to 70 km. The main advantages of this method for a waste transshipment station are:
- relatively low cost
- a simple algorithm of work
- quick launch of the MPS
At automatic junk transfer stations for the supply of waste to the necessary element of the station, the press compactor. The following loading options are mainly used:
- From the overpass
- From the embankment
Advantages of types of garbage transfer complexes and economic justification
- Mechanical waste transfer stations do not require large investments from the Customer and can have short payback periods, containers can be added at any time with an increase in volumes, and, if necessary, move the garbage transfer complex (transfer station) to a more profitable location.
- The requirement for automatic garbage transfer stations increases because of the increase in a large amount of waste. They allow you to launch an uninterrupted system with a large amount of waste generation (for example, more than 300-400 m3 per hour).
The economic effect of the junk transfer station
- Reducing the amount of transport required to transport compressed waste to its disposal sites, instead of transport to collect waste
- Reduction of costs for the remuneration fund of employees involved in waste management and its removal to places of placement or processing
- Reducing the cost of the Platon system
- Reduction of costs for fuel and lubricants
- Reducing the cost of transport maintenance